"Stanzas" is translated from Italian as rooms - these are frescoed halls in the Vatican Palace. These premises belong, having gathered on their walls the masterpieces of many artists, the Pope. Today, there is a museum where everyone can get acquainted with the picturesque interior.
The great Italian master of the Renaissance, Raphael painted 4 rooms with students trained in his technique. Students added another large room without the help of the famous teacher. "Stanza della Senyatura" is the first room that the master completed. Literally, its name translates as “signature room,” according to historical data, here the Pope was engaged in official duties - he signed the documents sent.
The room includes 4 compositions depicting the essence of 4 spheres of life. The first, and according to many, the most delightful, is the Athens School. It highlights the central figures of Plato and Aristotle, lying we see Diogenes, is busy with the science of Pythagoras, and also other outstanding thinkers conduct their outstanding activities. This image is an embodiment of philosophical science. Disputa is a religious fresco. Its theme is the victory of the truth of divine revelation.
All the Saints are seated on the heavenly throne, on the opposite side - on earth, the earthly Church enthusiastically disputes and talks about religious ideas. “Wisdom, measure and power” - the figures of women represent church and civil law. The composition "Poetry" shows us the cloister of the Muses, where the beautiful Apollo, surrounded by poets, plays the lyre.
The artist painted papal apartments as a young man, Rafael was 25 years old, but this did not prevent him from creating truly brilliant paintings. The ensemble of frescoes tells us about the high Renaissance dream of the moral, spiritual perfection of man.
Grabar March Snow